Wednesday, March 5, 2014
Easy Parrot Training. Capture a Behavior!
Cockatoos have been observed doing is holding a stick in their foot and tapping it against a hollowed out log. It is believed they do this to announce this area is their territory. As an animal trainer I think this is a very interesting behavior. And if I had the chance I would love to train a Palm Cockatoo to present this behavior on cue. To train a behavior like this we use a process called capturing. And it is very much like it sounds. We try to catch the animal in the act of doing what it is we want and reward in that exact moment.
To capture a behavior we try to create an environment in which the bird is very likely to present the behavior. For example, if I were training a Palm Cockatoo I would want to have a hollowed log set up and lots of sticks. I might ask the bird to perch on the log and offer him a stick. And then I would wait and see if maybe he would be inspired to drum. The moment he hits the log with the stick, I would give him a treat, head scratch or something else I know he enjoys. This teaches the cockatoo that drumming is very worthwhile. It causes humans to dispense goodies. If the bird really likes what I have been giving him, he will keep drumming. When this starts to happens I can an insert a cue just before I think he is about to whack the log with the stick. Pretty soon my cockatoo will learn to drum whenever I give the cue.
This process is a little different from other ways that we train behaviors. Instead of teaching a bird how to do something by breaking it down into tiny steps, we just set up the right environment and wait for the behavior to be presented.
While not everyone has the chance to work with a Palm Cockatoo, capturing behavior is something you can do with any parrot in your life. There are many behaviors our parrots just “do” throughout the day that are very pleasant to put on cue. For example maybe you have a cockatiel that whistles a pretty song over and over. You could easily capture the song by offering a bite of millet spray whenever he whistles the tune. This is the same strategy you would use if you parrots talks or sings.
Some people really like it when their cockatoo raises his crest feathers or their parrot stretches their wing out over a leg while balancing on the other. These moves can also be captured. One of the challenges with capturing behavior is you may not get a lot of repetition of the behavior at first. You might have to wait a few minutes, hour or days for your next opportunity to catch your bird in the act of doing what behavior you want. That’s OK. Your bird can still learn what it is you want him to do. It just may take a few days for him to catch on to the idea.
Spend some time watching your bird and makes notes of all the different things your parrot does that you could capture and put on cue. Pick one behavior to capture first. Once that behavior is on cue, move onto the next behavior. You will find once your parrot learns one behavior via capturing, he will quickly figure out how this game works. Pretty soon your bird will know an impressive list of behaviors.
Barbara Heidenreich has been a professional animal trainer since 1990. Her company Good Bird Inc (www.GoodBirdInc.com) provides parrot training DVDs, books and workshops. She has been a featured speaker in twenty countries and has been published in nine languages. Barbara also consults on animal training in zoos.
For more information on how to train your parrot visit Good Bird Inc
Barbara's Force Free Animal Training www.BarbarasFFAT.com
Copyright 2014 First appeared in Fledglings Magazine by The Parrot Society of Australia